There are no silver bullets. It’s a jigsaw puzzle

Reaching net-zero emissions and shifting to nature-positive development, while also building a fairer world, will require transformational change.
We can continue investing in yesterday’s  economy — a decision that will intensify climate change, accelerate biodiversity loss, and deepen socioeconomic inequities. Or we can begin a  great reset that will lead us all toward a more sustainable, prosperous future.
We will need bold actions from governments, companies, financial institutions, philanthropy, and citizens everywhere.
The economy in 2030 must be dramatically different from what it is today. Radical changes will be needed in the way we power our world, construct our buildings, manufacture and consume products, manage our land and grow our food, design our cities, and transport our goods. Broader transitions must also occur in how we measure progress, deliver basic services, and equitably distribute the costs and benefits of change.
Each of these systemwide transformations encompasses component transitions, from the replacement of the internal combustion engine to the restoration of a billion hectares of degraded land. It will also require a strong focus on environmental justice. Some 40 to 60 shifts are required. Almost all must happen concurrently — and rapidly.