Our programs

Nature Solutions

Preserving what remains. Restoring what we’ve lost.
Initiatives that protect, restore, and sustainably manage ecosystems have a crucial role to play in protecting biodiversity, mitigating and adapting to climate change, and sustaining and improving lives. The human footprint has grown in the past century; today less than 30% of the planet remains wild and a million species could face extinction. Nature solutions could provide about one-third of the mitigation needed by 2030 to meet the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement, while also improving the resilience of ecosystems to climate and strengthening communities and livelihoods that depend on forests, fisheries, and other ecosystems. The Earth Fund will advance nature solutions in critical ecosystems to safeguard the health of our planet and the wellbeing of people around the world.
November 2020

Safeguarding Nature to Stabilize Climate 

Halting deforestation and increasing sustainable land use could deliver up to 30% of climate mitigation needed by 2050. We will protect 53 million hectares of critical ecosystems in the Amazon, Africa, and Central America and build momentum by 2030. We will work with communities to help them prepare for climate change impacts in these areas. These efforts will safeguard 11.3 billion metric tons of CO2, reduce climate change vulnerability for 14.2 million people, and leverage over $750M in additional funds.
Partners: National and local partners in each geography, including: PROFONANPE (Peru), Patrimonio Natural (Colombia), TNC (Colombia), Global Environment Facility, WWF ($60.55M)

Mangroves for Community and Climate

Mangroves — nature’s thin green line between land and sea—store three to four times more carbon per hectare than tropical forests, and they protect coastal communities from storm surges. WWF will increase conservation and restoration of one million hectares of mangroves through a combination of strengthening the protection and management of standing mangroves and restoring lost and degraded areas in Colombia, Fiji, Madagascar, and Mexico. We will work with local communities to help build their resilience to the impacts of climate change, improving livelihoods. 
Partners: A number of national (e.g., Fijian Ministry of Waterways and Environment), regional (e.g., Codechocó), and local partners in each geography, WWF ($28.8M)

Land & Carbon Lab

Monitoring the carbon pulse of the earth is critical to ensuring we meet our climate goals and safeguard nature. Using satellite and drone technology, coupled with AI-informed algorithms, Land & Carbon Lab will provide real-time information on land use changes and embedded carbon flux at a very fine scale for the entire world. Harnessing the data revolution, it will power solutions for sustainable landscapes, enabling entrepreneurs, local communities, companies, governments — anyone who wants or needs — to participate in new, nature-based economies. 
Partner: World Resources Institute, Google, University of Maryland ($62.5M)

Harnessing the Power of Plant Root Systems 

Every year, plants capture hundreds of billions of tons of CO2 through photosynthesis and then funnel large amounts of carbon into the soil. This project leverages work in genetics, genomics and biochemistry to enhance this carbon-storing ability of plant roots so that they can capture excess atmospheric carbon. By focusing on prevalent crop plants—which can be readily scaled up within the existing agriculture infrastructure — this project aims to mitigate the effects of climate change, develop more resilient plants and improve soil health. 
Partners: the Salk Institute for Biological Studies ($30M)

Advocacy and Education for Natural Climate Solutions

Ecosystems which store carbon, including forests, soils, riparian areas, and wetlands, are critical for biodiversity protection and climate change resilience. This project takes a two-pronged approach to developing and implementing policies that enable the scaling of these natural climate solutions. First, protect and expand carbon sinks through enhanced advocacy, litigation, and persuasive actions in the U.S., Canada, the U.K. and E.U. The project will also educate policymakers on the benefits of reforming policies, incentives, and crop insurance programs across the agriculture industry. 
Partners: Natural Resources Defense Council, in partnership with Native Movement, Wild Heritage Institute, Stand Earth, Nature Canada, Environmental Entrepreneurs (E2), and Environmental Defence, Canada ($18.75M)

Consensus on Carbon Credits 

Carbon credit markets can be an effective approach to mitigating carbon use, incentivizing alternative energy adoption, and storing carbon emissions. However, they face obstacles including confusion about the potential for carbon storage and tepid confidence regarding the integrity of carbon credits. This project will develop a definition and requirements and consensus among leading NGOs for high-integrity carbon credits supporting tropical forest protection. It will then pursue research on emerging nature-based solutions including temperate forests, soils and oceans to build a pipeline of high-integrity credit opportunities. 
Partners: Environmental Defense Fund, Emergent, Meridian and Woodwell Climate Research Center ($25M)

The Seaweed Solution

Seaweed sequesters carbon during growth, utilizes zero freshwater, could help shift diets, and disrupts land-intensive food production. Seaweed farming has the potential to revolutionize how we think of food security, ocean health, and climate mitigation. Through this initiative, we will drive increased public acceptance of seaweed as a climate solution and increases in demand for animal feed, proteins, and biodegradable packaging, resulting in significant greenhouse gas reductions. This work sets the stage for large scale seaweed farming that could deliver transformational climate benefits.
Partners: 24+ partners in more than 7 countries, including Alaska Fisheries Development Foundation, Oceanium Ltd, Global Seaweed Coalition, Ocean Rainforest, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, WWF ($10.65M)

The Emerald Edge: Protecting Living Carbon Resources

The Emerald Edge is one of the most productive carbon sinks on Earth, spanning 100 million acres of forest along the Pacific Coast of Washington, British Columbia, and Alaska. Benefitting from long-established relationships with Indigenous First Nations, Alaska Natives and coastal tribes, in partnership with TNC, are leading sustainable economic and community development. Through the work of Indigenous partners in the area and leveraging local government support, the project will help to sequester 3.5 million metric tons of CO2 through permanent protection of over 100,000 hectares of old growth forest. This project will help galvanize a $3 billion commitment from the Canadian Government for Natural Climate Solutions.
Partners: The Nature Conservancy, Nature United, the Hesquiaht, Ahousaht, and Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations, Sealaska Native Corporation, the Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska, and other community partners ($33.33M)

Transforming Indian Farming 

Every year in Punjab and Haryana, two small Indian states just north of Delhi, 12 million tons of crop residue are burned by rice and wheat farmers, accounting for nearly half of Delhi’s air pollution. Promoting Regenerative and No-Burn Agriculture (PRANA) will transition 250,000 farmers — especially small and marginalized farmers — to regenerative practices using practical and effective methods and technologies. This will mitigate CO2 emissions, save water, and improve the quality-of-life through the establishment of non-burn practices.
Partners: The Nature Conservancy, the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) Farm Science Centers, the Punjab Agricultural Management & Extension Training Institute, and others ($33.33M)

Delivering a Natural Climate Solutions Toolkit 

Trategic protection, restoration, and improved land management activities could help achieve up to one third of the global greenhouse gas emissions reductions needed to stabilize the climate. To achieve the full potential of Natural Climate Solutions, we need tools grounded in science and data to inform decision-making. The NCS Activation Toolkit uses state-of-the art mapping, data collection, field-testing, and impact evaluation tools to accelerate the implementation of NCS across the globe and keep 1 billion metric tons of CO2 out of the atmosphere by 2030.
Partner: The Nature Conservancy, in partnership with Clark University, Conservation International, and several local agencies and organizations ($33.33M)

Accelerating restoration in Kenya, Madagascar, and Mozambique

Eden Reforestation Projects partners with local leaders to produce, plant, and protect native tree species in geographies around the world that have been affected by deforestation. Funding will support programs that plan to plant at least 35 million trees and expand the capacity of tree production systems in Kenya, Madagascar, and Mozambique.
Partner: Eden Reforestation Projects ($5M)
Preparatory and Design Grants – September 2021
In addition to the major grants described above, the following smaller grants have been made in preparation of potential future programs. 

Defining the Goals Under the 30x30 Commitments

This year countries are making “30x30” commitments to protect and conserve 30% of the planet by 2030. WCS, IUCN and a broad coalition of stakeholders are working to bring together definitions of area-based conservation measures as appropriate mechanisms for implementation. Building consensus for an equitable and practical approach, the typology will integrate elements that target both socially just and ecological effective conservation outcomes.
Partners: Wildlife Conservation Society and International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s World Commission on Protected Areas ($0.45M)

Building Support for the 30x30 Target

This project is mobilizing support for the global target of protecting 30% of land and ocean by 2030. The aim is to expand the “High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People” by increasing the number of countries that are committed to the 30x30 goal to more than 100, secure a global agreement on 30x30 at the COP15 of the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2022, and help build capacity within countries for implementation towards 2030.
Partners: National Geographic Society and the Campaign for Nature ($1.5M)

Ensuring a Sound Monitoring System for 30x30

Beyond formal protected areas, other areas are managed in ways that conserve biodiversity, ecosystem services, local culture, and other public goods. This project will set the stage for more thorough accounting of progress towards 30x30 by working with local partners to catalyze official recognition and mapping of these essential “Other Effective Conservation Measures” (OECMs) in key regions. The project will also convene partners around a shared road map towards understanding effectiveness of protected and conserved areas as a basis for conservation action and resource prioritization.
Partners: UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), United Nations Foundation ($0.45M)

Preparing for Scale-Up of African Landscape Restoration

This project will lay groundwork for a major scale-up in African landscape restoration. Africa provides an extraordinary opportunity for restoration, and there are promising efforts underway including AFR100, an initiative of more than 30 African countries to restore 100 million hectares of degraded land back to productivity. This grant will support seven partner organizations to design and mobilize financial mechanisms, ensure pipeline development of projects, engage development finance institutions and farmer networks, and identify intermediaries that can support scaling.
Partners: World Resources Institute, Dalberg Consulting, and other partners ($0.58M)
Grants Made Following COP26 – December 2021
CONGO BASIN
The Congo Basin is home to 70% of Africa’s forests and is one of the most important places for biodiversity and carbon stocks on the planet – yet only 17% of the area is protected today. Each year large areas are lost to deforestation, while remaining forests are degraded by logging, mining, agriculture, roads, fuelwood collection, hunting and other pressures. Grantees will work together to create more than 11 million hectares of new protected areas, including the rights to 5 million hectares of lands for local communities. They will also work to strengthen the management of more than 60 million hectares of protected and conserved areas in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo.

Innovative Finance for Conservation in Gabon

The Enduring Earth collaboration will provide critical deal capital to close a Project Finance for Permanence (PFP) in Gabon. This investment will help achieve protection of 30% of its forests, freshwater, and oceans with significant biodiversity and climate/carbon stock benefits while ensuring permanent financing and benefits to local communities through supporting an economy based on conservation and sustainable forest management. Protecting Gabon’s forest and freshwater systems is an important piece in advancing consolidation of the Congo Basin, a critically important region for the planet’s climate and biodiversity.
Partners: Enduring Earth, Government of Gabon, OELO, Panthera, Wildlife Conservation Society among others ($30M)

Expanding protected areas in the Congo Basin

Fauna & Flora International (FFI) will support the protection of 167,000 hectares (in Bitule, Omate and Kanyama) and expand work in Maiko National Park by 1,000,000 hectares. This project will support capacity building, equipment, and park infrastructure. Additionally, FFI will steward participatory processes for community forest management and directly engage local communities in protected area management and improving local livelihoods (e.g., through patrols and monitoring).
Partners: Fauna & Flora International ($5M)

Support for indigenous peoples and local communities in the Congo Basin

This project will support indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLC) groups to secure the titles to 1 million hectares of land in the Congo by 2026. The Tenure Facility will provide financial and technical support to IPLC organizations and networks on the ground, enabling them to build partnerships with champions in governments to advance the legal recognition of collective land rights. The Tenure Facility will support projects at subnational, national, and regional levels in the Congo Basin and will select projects based on field appraisals, monitoring, audits, and government approval.
Partners: The International Land and Forest Tenure Facility ($10M)

Advancing Key Biodiversity Areas in the Congo Basin

Working with the Key Biodiversity Areas partnership, this project will accelerate 30x30 in the Congo Basin through the creation of new protected areas, improved management of protected areas, and partnership with Indigenous Peoples and local community groups. Specific areas of focus include mapping biodiversity hotspots in the Congo Basin. This map would serve as an input to the broader maps developed by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre of United Nations Environment Program that give a baseline of protected areas against which progress can be monitored.
Partners: Key Biodiversity Areas partnership ($2.5M)

Expanding protected areas in the Congo Basin through local and indigenous stewards

Rainforest Trust will support the creation of 2 million hectares of new or expanded protected or conserved areas in the Congo Basin by 2025 by re-granting and matching 85% of Bezos Earth funding to local organizations and Indigenous Peoples groups that steward protected and conserved areas. The initiative will save species from extinction and maintain critical ecosystem function, mitigate climate change by reducing emissions and locking up carbon for the long-term, and safeguard or enhance the protection of human rights and the livelihoods of local and indigenous people.
Partners: Rainforest Trust ($5M)

Scaling-up collective land rights and locally led conservation in the Congo Basin

This project will build capacity of Indigenous Peoples and local communities, particularly the women within them, to secure their rights to their territories and design conservation and management plans for those lands. More specifically, this effort will accelerate community-level action to advance rights and conservation, strengthen local organizational capacity, establish a community-based monitoring and reporting system, track global progress on securing community rights and conservation, and foster strategic. It will be implemented in coordination with the Network of Indigenous and Local Populations for the Sustainable Management of Central African Forest Ecosystems (REPALEAC) and RRI’s coalition in the Congo Basin.
Partners: Rights and Resources Initiative, the Global Alliance of Territorial Communities, and the Campaign for Nature ($10M)

Advancing implementation and finance for Congo Basin conservation

This project will be devoted to four key pillars with a focus on the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Congo, that cover more than 75% of the Basin’s forests. These pillars focus on strengthening management effectiveness of protected areas and other conserved areas, identifying additional high integrity forests for conservation as both community managed lands or protected areas, supporting the delivery of strategic national 30x30 implementation processes and financing plans, and supporting the development of a Technical and Financing Facility to accompany IPLCs in securing forest tenure and strengthening local forest governance.
Partners: Wildlife Conservation Society ($40M)

Monitoring protected areas of the Congo Basin

This project will support to convene a consortium of national and international partners to work with the governments of countries in the Congo Basin (Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon) to achieve rapid, meaningful, and measurable progress towards national targets and global ambitions for 30x30. UNEP-WCMC will support identification, recognition, and mapping of existing protected and conserved areas as well as target-setting and priority designation for new protected and conserved areas. This project will also monitor progress toward 30x30 goals on a monthly basis and help partner countries become world-leaders for monitoring the effectiveness of national networks of protected and conserved areas.
Partners: UN Environment Program World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)
($2.55M)
TROPICAL ANDES
Home to more than 12% of all species and a diversity of indigenous cultures, The Tropical Andes is one of the most diverse regions on the planet. It stores some 200 gigatons of carbon in forests and other ecosystems and includes the headwaters of the Amazon River. To advance conservation in the Tropical Andes, grantees will support the creation of more than 48 million hectares of new protected areas, secure the rights to 19 million hectares of lands for local communities, and strengthen the management of more than 108 million hectares of protected areas in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.

Declaration and management of protected areas across the Tropical Andes

The Conserva Aves partnership will replicate and adapt its successful Conserva Colombia model, which helped protect more than 200,000 hectares over the last decade, to create more than 1 million hectares of new protected areas in the Tropical Andes with a focus on key biodiversity areas and some of the most endangered species. This will include soliciting proposals from NGOs, Indigenous Peoples groups, and community organizations for declaration and management of protected areas. Conserva Aves will fund some of these proposals and will provide technical support to deliver sound management and long-term financing plans.
Partners: Conserva Aves Partners: Birdlife, Audubon and American Bird Conservancy ($12M)

Creation of protected areas while supporting Indigenous Peoples and local communities

Conservation International will work to conserve at least 9.2 million hectares of rainforest in the tropical Andes by 2024, while supporting Indigenous Peoples and local communities (IPLC) and collaboratively designing sustainable financing. Work will include (1) helping create 1.1 million hectares of new protected areas and strengthening management of 8.1 million hectares; (2) supporting IPLC through funding, training and technology; (3) designing long-term financing mechanisms to support sustainable nature-based economies and establish long-term revenue flows for conserved areas; and (4) facilitating collaboration and information exchange across organizations and initiatives.
Partners: Conservation International ($20M)

Accelerating Inclusive Conservation in Ecuador and Bolivia

The Enduring Earth collaboration will work with governments, communities, and local partners to advance inclusive, rights-based and effective conservation in the Tropical Andes, enhancing management and participatory governance of 30M ha in Bolivia and 40.3M ha in Ecuador. Building on current momentum, we will strengthen enabling conditions for durable financing and effective management of protected area systems and Indigenous territories by developing a shared vision for protected and conserved areas and participatory processes; completing feasibility assessments; and supporting participatory planning and governance as well as greater accountability.
Partners: Enduring Earth and Local Partners ($4M)

Support for indigenous peoples and local communities in the Tropical Andes

This project will support indigenous peoples and local communities (IPLC) groups to secure the titles to 5 million hectares of land in the Andes by 2026. Specifically, the Tenure Facility will provide direct financial and technical support to IPLC organizations and networks on the ground, enabling them to build partnerships with champions in governments to advance the legal recognition of collective land rights. The Tenure Facility will combine grants with specialist expertise in support of projects at subnational, national, and regional levels in the Tropical Andes and will select projects based on the results of robust field-based appraisals, monitoring, audits, and government approval.
Partners: The International Land and Forest Tenure Facility (Tenure Facility) ($20M)

Advancing Key Biodiversity Areas in the Tropical Andes

Working with the Key Biodiversity Areas partnership, this project will advance 30x30 in the Tropical Andes through helping establishment of new protected and conserved areas to be targeted at the most important sites for nature. It will do so through supporting the identification of Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs), by establishing KBA National Coordination Groups in the Andes. The project will support them to convene stakeholders, including Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities, mobilize data and identify KBAs, develop data management tools to facilitate the process, and support decision-makers to utilize the results.
Partners: Key Biodiversity Areas partnership and Birdlife International ($2.5M)

Indigenous peoples’ guardianship in the Tropical Andes

Nia Tero will strengthen and expand Indigenous-led initiatives to safeguard an additional 4.2 million hectares of Indigenous territories in Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Beyond contributing to Indigenous peoples’ guardianship of thriving forest landscapes, Nia Tero will work to ensure that Indigenous peoples’ rights to their territories and resources are fully upheld in the implementation of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework, including the recognition of their customary lands and governance systems.
Partners: Nia Tero ($15M)

Expanding protected areas in the Tropical Andes through local and indigenous stewards

Rainforest Trust will support the creation of six million hectares of new or expanded protected or conserved areas by 2025 in the Andes and Western Amazon by re-granting and matching 85% of Bezos Earth funding to local organizations and Indigenous Peoples groups that steward protected and conserved areas. The initiative will save species from extinction and maintain critical ecosystem function, mitigate climate change by reducing emissions and locking up carbon for the long-term, and safeguard or enhance the protection of human rights and the livelihoods of local and indigenous people.
Partners: Rainforest Trust ($15M)

Creating and maintaining conservation areas at scale in Andean countries

This project will support a regional initiative to create and maintain conservation areas at scale across 13 priority landscapes. Re:wild will work with a number of partners in the Andean countries to protect at least 30% of their lands in globally important areas for biodiversity by 2030 by securing legal protection, reinforcing protected area management systems, scaling local and Indigenous solutions to climate change, establishing sustainable funding mechanisms, and removing subsidies to extractive industries. Re:wild will also use high-profile communications to help support local partners and their efforts.
Partners: Re:wild ($25M)

Scaling up recognition of collective land rights and locally led conservation in the Tropical Andes

This initiative will accelerate community-level action to advance rights and conservation, strengthen local organizational capacity, establish a community-based monitoring and reporting system, track global progress on securing community rights and conservation, and foster strategic coordination between Indigenous Peoples, local communities, and Afro-descendant Peoples. It will be implemented in coordination with COICA (Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon River Basin), and other rightsholders and women’s networks from RRI’s coalition in the Tropical Andes.
Partners: Rights and Resources Initiative, the Global Alliance of Territorial Communities, and the Campaign for Nature ($15M)

Advancing national 30X30 strategies in Amazon-Andes

The Wildlife Conservation Society will support Colombia, Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia to develop and operationalize national 30x30 strategies; strengthen existing protected areas, other conserved areas, and communal lands in a suite of highly-biodiverse landscapes; designate new conservation areas within these landscapes and beyond; and consolidate an enabling environment for greater direct access by partner Indigenous Peoples and local communities to direct financing and other resources. 
Partners: Wildlife Conservation Society ($20M)

Monitoring protected areas in the Tropical Andes

This project will support to convene a consortium of national and international partners to work with the Governments of countries in the Tropical Andes (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru) to achieve rapid, meaningful, and measurable progress towards national targets and global ambitions for 30x30. UNEP-WCMC will support identification, recognition, and mapping of existing protected and conserved areas as well as target-setting and priority designation for new protected and conserved areas. This project will also monitor progress toward 30x30 goals on a monthly basis and help partner countries become world-leaders for monitoring the effectiveness of national networks of protected and conserved areas.
Partners: UN Environment Program World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) ($2.55M)
GALAPAGOS AND EASTERN PACIFIC
This initiative will support planning of the world’s largest transnational marine protected area in the Galapagos and Eastern Pacific, which was announced at COP26 by the Heads of State of Ecuador, Colombia, Panama and Costa Rica.

Establishing the world’s largest transnational marine protected area

This project will support the planning and establishment of the world’s largest transnational marine protected area, including waters of Ecuador, Colombia, Panama, and Costa Rica in the Eastern Tropical Pacific. Re:wild will support processes to engage local communities and other stakeholders, advocacy campaigns, management plans and other planning and establishment needs.  The project will also help unify a larger coalition of local and international organizations to support ridge-to-reef management, sustainable financing mechanisms and capacity building for law enforcement and monitoring within and across the region.
Partners: Re:wild ($5M)
RESTORATION
In support of The Bezos Earth Fund’s $1 billion commitment to restoration made at COP26, grantees will advance restoration efforts in communities across the U.S. Grantees efforts will include the implementation of urban forestry and ramp up of restoration across 20 sites. In Africa, funds will support non-profit organizations and small to medium enterprises that are restoring land, with a goal of a major scaling up of African restoration by COP27 in late 2022.

Restoring Urban Environments in the United States

Groundwork USA, the national support organization for a network of Groundwork Trusts devoted to restoring and revitalizing the natural and built environment of low-resource communities, will work with Trusts to increase climate resilience through urban forestry, green infrastructure, and other nature-based solutions and increase collaboration between urban environmental justice action and large-scale land restoration efforts through a partnership with the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.
Partners: Groundwork USA ($6M)

Accelerating restoration across the U.S.

This project accelerates nature-based solutions across the U.S. by engaging the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation’s extensive network of grantees, partners, and programs to competitively award grants. These grants identify and fund landscape-scale restoration by investing in projects that sequester and store carbon and increase biodiversity while meaningfully engaging underserved communities, including low-income communities and communities of color. Restoration activities include reforestation, urban tree-planting and stormwater infrastructure, riparian restoration, and soil management on working lands.
Partners: National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) ($30M)

Advancing restoration in Africa

This initiative supports reforestation for AFR100, a country-led effort to bring 100 million hectares of land in Africa into restoration by 2030. The portfolio will generate 9,500 livelihoods, plant 14.8 million trees, and transform over 21,000 hectares of degraded land with robust monitoring tools to the top 100 restoration implementers. It will create both economic and ecological benefits for local African communities, and lay the foundation for an ambitious political and fundraising push in the lead-up to COP27.
Partners: One Tree Planted ($15M)

Environmental Justice

Building resilience. Empowering communities.
The positive links between meeting climate, nature and justice objectives are undeniable. Those least responsible for climate change, including low-income communities and communities of color disproportionately bear its negative effects. Frontline communities are also powerful agents of change in driving solutions, but traditionally very few resources have been allocated to them. We will not achieve the transformations required without also addressing systemic issues that cause harm to the most vulnerable in society. In addition to centering justice in all of our programs, the Earth Fund seeks to support projects, communities, coalitions, and initiatives that explicitly address these inequalities.
Expanding Support for Environmental Justice Efforts in the U.S. – November 2020

Investing in Women of Color & Others at the Frontlines

Addressing climate crises at the scale and speed necessary to avert the worst outcomes will require changing the systems of power governing who pollutes, who profits, and whose lives are valued. The Hive Fund’s participatory grant-making will fund those most impacted by disparity and pollution – especially in the US South, where emissions are high and philanthropic investment is low. Hive Fund grantee partners address the intersecting climate, gender and racial justice crises by strengthening multiracial democracy, changing policies, and transitioning to a just and fossil-free world.
Partner: Hive Fund ($43M)

The Solutions Project: Funding and Amplifying Climate Justice

The Solutions Project partners with grassroots climate justice organizations to scale interconnected solutions to the climate crisis in three ways: 1) we nurture an ecosystem of over 100 community organizations innovating practical models, all across the country, for the future we want to create; 2) we provide millions of grant dollars to local partners who are organizing and building power in their communities; and 3) we offer media training and capacity for partners to share successes and influence policy, economic and social change.
Partner: The Solutions Project ($43M)

Climate and Clean Energy Equity Fund

The Climate and Clean Energy Equity Fund is building a powerful movement to create a more equitable clean energy future. This project will grow their strategic grant-making program, supporting engagement in policy, organizing, and non-partisan civic engagement which advance climate and clean energy equity. A component of this includes increased capacity support for grantees through direct coaching, technical assistance, research and policy analysis, and the new tools and models that integrate equity into climate and energy policy frameworks.
Partner: Climate and Clean Energy Equity Fund ($43M)

NDN Collective

The NDN Collective, an Indigenous led holistic empowerment organization that includes a grant-making arm that will use resources from the Earth Fund’s grant to invest directly into community equity and solutions that follow their “defend, develop, and decolonize” approach: defending Indigenous lands and Indigenous rights, developing innovative and sustainable solutions for the future, and decolonizing the way indigenous people move through the world while uprooting white supremacy and colonial institutions that harm human beings and all life.
Partner: NDN Collective ($12M)

Dream Corps Green for All

The federal government is poised to spend trillions of dollars to rebuild the American economy, and it is critical that those investments create a greener future for all. One way to do this is by shaping policy programs to prioritize impacted communities, and strengthening work and wealth creation for Black and Brown entrepreneurs. Using a Common Ground approach, Green For All bridges political divides and brings unlikely allies together to form powerful coalitions for equitable climate solutions, green jobs, and BIPOC entrepreneurship.
Partner: Dream Corps Green for All ($10M)
Supporting the U.S. Justice40 Initiative – September and December 2021
Justice40 is the Biden administration’s historic commitment to deliver 40% of the overall benefits of U.S. federal investments in clean energy, clean transit, affordable housing, and other areas to underserved communities. A great deal of work lies ahead to identify underserved communities, help resources reach them, and ensure Justice40 succeeds in advancing environmental justice and creating new economic opportunities in these communities. This project supports leading organizations to connect Justice40 design and implementation at the federal level with organization and efforts at the state and local level.

The Earth Fund committed $150M for 2021 to support the Justice40 Initiative. Groups and projects funded include:

WE ACT for Environmental Justice

This project will educate stakeholders and elected officials about the investment opportunities of Justice40 for environmental justice communities. WE ACT will also pilot robust implementation and monitoring of Justice40 in 5-6 jurisdictions and support the Biden administration in delivering the initiative.
$6M

Justice40 Accelerator

This project supports the Justice40 Accelerator, which positions frontline organizations to become more competitive in attracting Federal funding to support the aims of Justice40. Project funding will be used to resource frontline organizations, influence how funding is distributed, and educate and engage federal, state, and local decision-makers. The Justice40 Accelerator is a partnership among: Elevate, Groundswell, The Hummingbird Firm, Partnership for Southern Equity, and The Solutions Project
$6M

Deep South Center for Environmental Justice

This project supports Activating Justice40, a new initiative that will support community-based organizations and environmental justice groups to engage in local implementation of the Justice40 initiative. Funds will support up to 20 community-based organizations and provide high quality research, policy, and media deliverables to realize community benefits from federal investments.
$4M

Bullard Center for Environmental and Climate Justice at Texas Southern University

This project supports the Bullard Center's Justice40 Technical Support Project, which uses a cross-disciplinary approach to assist, expand and strengthen local justice and equity organizations, partnerships and networks in disadvantaged communities to develop roadmaps and model platforms for accessing and directing Justice40 funding and investments through numerous initiatives, in close partnership with the Deep South Center for Environmental Justice, Historically Black Colleges and Universities-Community Base Organization Equity Consortium and the National Black Environmental Justice Network.
$4M
JUSTICE40: Supporting information and data for decision-making

Building data synthesis to deliver environmental justice

This initiative will support BlocPower’s work to create an open-source energy model data set and recommendation engine for more than 100 million buildings across America, in partnership with Historically Black Colleges and Universities and other Minority Serving Institutions. The “Building Data Collective” will compile building data that is often fragmented and inaccessible, creating a database that all Data Collaborative members can use to analyze and highlight buildings in need of energy efficiency/clean-tech interventions. The project will prioritize facilitating and delivering environmental justice.
Partners: BlocPower ($5.5M)

Health advancements via data and digital tools

This effort will expand three initiatives to create data and digital tools needed to address environmental health injustices in America’s drinking water system. This project will focus on locating remaining lead pipes, identifying water service boundaries to help underserved communities access funding, and tracking Justice40 investments in water systems. This project, which reflects the high priority underserved communities place on clean water supply, will be linked with the broader Data Collaborative.
Partners: Environmental Policy Innovation Center (EPIC) ($1M)

Engaging researchers in data-driven efforts to reduce environmental injustices

This project will partner with data scientists and technologists at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and Tribal Colleges and Universities (TCUs) to develop a governance structure and prototype computing infrastructure for an Environmental Justice Data Collaborative that will empower community groups and researchers engaged in data-driven efforts to reduce environmental injustices.
Partners: Massive Data Institute (MDI) at Georgetown University’s McCourt School of Public Policy ($3.2M)

Co-developing methods and prototypes for the environmental justice data collaborative

This project will catalyze a community of practice connecting environmental justice leaders and tech/data talent from across the country to support the Environmental Justice Data Collaborative. The project will involve a series of ‘co-do-athon’ workshops with EJ leaders and tech talent surfacing relevant open data, and together developing six demonstration prototype data tools (code will be open sourced) all working towards advancing the needs of underserved communities who have and/or are experiencing environmental injustices. The teams will also co-develop scrolling infographics/stories that communicate the power of the information visualized.
Partners: shift7 and Earthrise Media ($3.5M)

Addressing health inequities in the Mid-Atlantic

This project will support the development and execution of community-driven engagement strategies and research to collect better data on neighborhood-scale air pollution exposures including traffic-related air pollution, in order to reduce air pollution and associated health inequities in underserved and overburdened communities across the Mid-Atlantic region.  For this project, CEEJH will partner with community organizations such as NAACP, Urban League, historically Black fraternities and sororities, and churches to build a community-based air quality monitoring network in communities of color.
Partners: UMD School of Public Health’s Community Engagement, Environmental Justice, and Health (CEEJH) group ($800K)

Design and Planning a New Data Collaborative

This project will support design and planning for a new data collaborative to support the Justice40 initiative. The data collaborative would address data gaps, support the work of frontline organizations, and help track the benefits of Justice40 investments in communities. The planning process will convene key stakeholders, including environmental justice groups, community organizations, civic data groups, federal and local government, technology companies, and academia.
$0.4M
JUSTICE40: Helping underserved communities transform into environmentally safe, climate-resilient geographies with economic opportunities

Building climate resilient infrastructure in underserved communities in California

This project will build climate resilient infrastructure in underserved communities in California by creating local models of community climate resilience hubs (starting with pilots in Richmond and Oakland), growing community organizing capacity, building larger coalitions of advocates, and advancing public policy to direct public funds into community-driven climate solutions. This project will leverage new State of California funding for resilience hubs and other California programs as well as Justice40 funding.
Partners: Asian Pacific Environmental Network ($5M)

Delivering benefits of climate infrastructure investments

To drive 40% of the benefits of climate infrastructure investments in the Puget Sound, San Francisco-Oakland Bay, and Greater Boston-Merrimack Valley areas to low-income communities of color, this project embraces a coordinated strategy of local coalition building, project and workforce development, technical assistance, government policy improvements, and support to small clean economy businesses. This project will also create model templates, toolkits, and metrics to help communities become more proficient at securing government funding for local priorities.
Partners: Emerald Cities Collaborative® ($12M)

Advancing decarbonization and resilience in communities of color

In this project, The Greenlining Institute will provide funding and technical expertise to support capacity building in communities of color that have historically been overlooked in climate efforts. Greenlining will focus on places where they are already engaging with local organizations to catalyze decarbonization and resilience strategies and projects that meet community needs. Projects could include: energy efficiency upgrades, solar installations on multi-family housing complexes, streetscape improvements, and electric vehicle carshares. The grant would also support an evaluation of the equity outcomes of California's climate investments to inform Justice40 implementation.
Partners: The Greenlining Institute ($10M)

Achieving Climate, Racial, & Gender Justice in Houston

This project will support a network of organizations working to move the Houston Metro Area toward a cleaner, more resilient, and more just economy, using tactics that include community-based organizing, equity-centered advocacy, civic engagement, and communications. Organizations receiving support are expanding access to resilient and energy-efficient housing, affordable green electricity, and transit equity in key Northeast Houston neighborhoods; embedding equity in city, county, and state policies; boosting civic engagement; and increasing access to financing to accelerate investments and job creation in Black, brown, and low-income communities.
Partners: The Hive Fund for Climate and Gender Justice ($10M)

Support of community-based businesses to advance decarbonization and resilience

Seed Commons will support risk-tolerant investments in community-based businesses in low-income areas and attract state and federal funding into those businesses and communities. The project will support businesses such as solar cooperatives, solar installers, sustainable agriculture businesses, stormwater management cooperatives, and energy efficient window fabricators.
Partners: Seed Commons ($10M)
JUSTICE40: Supporting Native communities and Tribal Justice40 efforts

Advancing Justuce40 in Alaska

Alaska Venture Fund will assemble a “Justice40 Council” of Alaska Native leaders to develop a framework for ensuring that Indigenous communities receive a more equitable share of the benefits accruing from federal investments in green energy, climate change mitigation, affordable housing, and infrastructure. Through this grant, Alaska Venture Fund will also advance Indigenous-led, place-based environmental and climate justice projects across Alaska. Finally, AVF will support the next generation of Tribal leaders who draw upon cultural values and knowledge as they work to solve systemic vulnerabilities and create emergent opportunities within their communities.
Partners: Alaska Venture Fund ($10M)

Preparing tribes and native community groups to benefit from Justice40

First Nations Development Institute will support educational outreach and technical assistance to prepare tribes and Native community groups to participate in and benefit from Justice40. It will also provide grants to tribal programs and Native non-profits to create green jobs, implement climate resiliency plans in Native communities, and amplify the power of traditional ecological knowledge.
Partners: First Nations Development Institute ($5M)

Activating Justice40 in Alaska

This project is expanding Native Movement's Climate, Environmental Justice, and Just Transition Programs to expand support in Alaska, including rural communities that could benefit greatly from Justice40. This project will support Alaskan coalitions to work on state climate policy solutions, build out an Alaska Just Transition Plan, and attract federal funding to Alaska Native community-driven solutions; from micro-grid renewable energy technologies to clean water and food security projects. 
Partners: Native Movement ($3M) 

Creation of a new “Justice40 Fund”

This project will create a new “Justice40 Fund” to provide resources to Indigenous communities, Indigenous-led nonprofits, and Native Nations to develop their climate and clean energy solutions and attract public and private investments to those solutions. The new Fund will place an initial focus on four locations identified for their readiness for investment and distinct bio-region diversity—Alaska, Oceti Sakowin homelands (Great Plains), Southwest, and Hawaii—and support them to catalyze just transition economic activity, pursue climate mitigation/adaptation strategies, and leverage Justice40 funds.
Partners: NDN Collective ($8M)

Advancing energy sovereignty in tribal communities

This project will identify, develop, finance, and implement renewable energy projects that meet the unique needs of tribal communities, including education, hands-on training, and energy cost reductions for tribal members. The Tribal Solar Accelerator Fund leverages state and federal programs, philanthropic funds, and strategic partnerships. TSAF will support 25+ tribes to install solar power, train more than 200 tribal members through those projects, reduce tribal residential project energy costs up to 50%, and prepare 5-10 tribal partners to apply for large scale DOE grants.
Partners: GRID Alternatives - Tribal Solar Accelerator Fund ($12M)
JUSTICE40: Creating training and resource sharing to build coordinated Justice40 implementation

Resourcing Grassroots Environmental Justice Organizations

Building Equity and Alignment for Environmental Justice (BEA) will provide grants to grassroots environmental justice groups so that they may strengthen their organizations and movements. This will better position Black, Brown, Indigenous, and communities of color to secure government funding for climate solutions that meet the needs of their communities broadly and in the areas of clean energy, energy efficiency, sustainable and affordable housing, clean transit, and workforce development. This grant will also help BEA strengthen its communications capabilities and capture the impact of grassroots environmental justice organizing.
Partners: BEA ($15M)

Climate justice organizing and outreach

Future Coalition will expand funding support to young people, with a particular emphasis on supporting BIPOC young people in local disadvantaged communities. Future Coalition’s  goal is to support, uplift, and amplify the work of the youth climate movement in the US. This grant will support their work to engage more young people as champions for Justice40 and encourage youth groups to partner with community-based organizations and other allies to attract Justice40 resources to underserved communities.
Partners: Future Coalition ($3M)

Accountability and Climate Justice in the Gulf South

The Gulf South for a Green New Deal is creating frontline community-led solutions in the five Gulf South states to advance a just transition towards local sustainable economies. Efforts include pursuing healthy, affordable housing that reduces energy burdens, building more robust and equitable local and state renewable energy programs including community-owned solar, and conducting community and workforce planning and organizing efforts to attract federal investment, including Justice40 funding.
Partners: Gulf South for a Green New Deal ($8M)

Clean energy transition in rural America

The Rural Power Coalition will support organizing within underserved rural communities for access to federal funds to decarbonize rural utilities and invest in clean energy, energy efficiency, and other needed infrastructure. At the core of this project are America's Rural Electric Cooperatives, which own over 300 fossil-fueled power plants and serve over 90% of the nation’s persistent poverty counties. This project will build support within federal agencies and rural co-op boards to retire fossil fuel power plants and transition to clean energy in a way that prioritizes underserved communities.
Partners: Rural Power Coalition ($5M)

Decarbonizing the Economy

Poised for path disruption.
We are far from an emissions trajectory that avoids even the worst effects of climate change. The scale of transformation required is unprecedented — from the ways in which we power our economy, build our cities, transport our goods, manage our land, grow our food, and create and consume goods. Change will require advancements across many arenas, including policymaking, finance, behavior, and novel leadership and partnerships, to name a few. Some trends already show incredible promise; these must be nurtured and expanded at scale and in speed. And with the right support, such transformations could take off in a way previously unimaginable — providing tremendous opportunities, including new job opportunities and the creation of whole new industries. The Earth Fund will accelerate coalitions and projects that have the potential to spur systems transformation and accelerate decarbonization across key emitting sectors and geographies. We will also ensure that transitions are just and equitable.
Decarbonizing Industry and Transport - November 2020

Creating Markets for Climate-Safe Cement and Steel

Cement and steel generate about 6 gigatons of CO2 per year. Approximately 50% of cement and 20% of steel is purchased with tax dollars for public buildings and other public projects. This project will seek to showcase the value of “buying clean”, which will expand the market for green steel and cement and spur related business innovation. In the U.S. alone, this initiative could affect $100 billion in construction and 100 million tons of CO2 every year.
Partners: ClimateWorks Foundation, BlueGreen Alliance, Center for Carbon Removal, Great Plains Institute for Sustainable Development ($12.5M)

Launching Zero-Emission Ships

Several governments and corporations have set long-term goals to decarbonize shipping, but currently there aren’t enough renewably powered ships to prove that these goals can be reached. This project aims to make zero emissions ships commercially competitive by 2030 and to fully decarbonize the sector by 2050 by working with a broad of coalition of advocates, analysts, communicators, and activists to accelerate the development of renewable fuels and advance policies and frameworks that can make zero emission ships and ports a reality.
Partners: ClimateWorks Foundation, Pacific Environment, Aspen Institute, Global Maritime Forum ($12.5M)

Catalyzing Zero-Emission Trucks

Commercial trucks represent approximately one third of climate pollution from global transport and account for a disproportionate share of the air pollution that damages human health. Using California’s recent clean transportation policies as a blueprint, this project will leverage, replicate, and scale advances in battery technologies to catalyze the transition to zero-emission commercial trucks. By 2030, the project aims to increase new sales of zero-emission truck to 25% in key markets, growing to 100% by 2040.
Partners: ClimateWorks Foundation, ICCT, Calstart, Sierra Club ($25M)

Cleaner Trucks for Healthier Communities 

Truck pollution disproportionality impacts communities of color and has an outsized role in carbon emissions. In partnership with grassroots allies and national partners, UCS will bring foundational technical, policy and campaign capacity to clean truck campaigns across the country to support the rapid deployment of zero-emission trucks by working towards stronger manufacturer standards, fleet purchase requirements, and expanded electric truck infrastructure.  
Partner: Union of Concerned Scientists ($7.5M)

Cutting Methane Pollution from the Oil and Gas Industry

Using satellite technology and a data platform, this project will implement a system that will identify methane pollution, hold those responsible accountable and highlight opportunities to manage and minimize oil and gas methane emissions. Actionable data will be produced and used to implement advocacy campaigns to spur regulations and secure commitments to reduce methane pollution globally. The project could potentially cut methane emissions by 45% by 2025 — delivering the same 20-year benefit as closing a third of the world’s coal plants.
Partners: Environmental Defense Fund, government of New Zealand, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and Harvard ($68.5M)
December 2021

Supercharging Industrial Decarbonization through the Mission Possible Partnership

The Mission Possible Partnership aims to trigger transformational change in the world's most carbon intensive industries, including steel, aluminum, concrete, chemicals, aviation, shipping, and trucking. This project will support the Partnership to expand its core team, build new partnerships, commission new analyses, and expand its work with industry stakeholders to build sector transition strategies to net-zero value chains. These sector strategies act as a compass to inform business decisions, investments, and policy to accelerate change in these crucial industries.
Partners: RMI, the Energy Transitions Commission, We Mean Business, and the World Economic Forum ($9M)

Supporting Science Based Targets for Businesses

The science is clear — the global economy must halve emissions by 2030 and reach net-zero emissions before 2050 to stand a fighting chance of avoiding catastrophic climate change. The Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) has become the most credible de facto standard for corporate climate targets aligned with the latest science. This grant will support the SBTi to strengthen its organization and target-setting framework for corporations and financial institutions. It will also provide the strong foundation needed to accelerate the scale and pace of corporate science-based targets across all sectors and geographies.
Partners: CDP, the UN Global Compact, World Resources Institute, and WWF ($18M)
Advancing Climate Solutions in the U.S. – November 2020

Building Public Demand for Cleaner Industry

This project will work in key U.S. cities, states, and at the federal level to build advocacy, campaign, and lobbying efforts for climate actions that reduce pollution and promote clean buildings and clean transportation and ensure equitable benefits for vulnerable communities. Over several years, the project will support the adoption of pollution limits and clean energy standards, implement clean building requirements and incentives, and scale electric vehicle and other clean transportation implementation and infrastructure. 
Partners: Natural Resources Defense Council, in partnership with State Smart Transportation Initiative and NRDC Action Fund ($50M)

Phasing Down Oil & Gas Production in the United States 

This project takes a three-pronged approach to limit fossil fuel expansion by: 1) preventing new onshore and offshore oil and gas development outside the Gulf of Mexico; 2) defending and expanding Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methane emission limits on oil and gas operations; and 3) challenging and limiting the expansion of natural gas processing, pipelines, and export facilities. These actions will help advance the requirement of a climate test for fossil fuel activities and infrastructure in U.S. states and eventually influence federal oil and gas policy.
Partners: Natural Resources Defense Council, in partnership with Transform Finance and Healthy Gulf ($31.25M)

Equitably Electrifying Every School Bus in the U.S.

Over the next five years, WRI will partner with school districts, communities, environmental justice organizations, utilities, manufacturers, and policymakers to build unstoppable momentum toward electrifying the U.S. fleet of 480,000 school buses by 2030. The initiative will advance an equity-centered approach to accelerating electric bus procurement and scaling manufacturing, charging infrastructure, funding, and financing. School bus electrification represents a unique opportunity to advance decarbonization, create jobs, and improve air quality and health, particularly in communities of color and for other people who are disproportionately impacted by air pollution.  
Partners: World Resources Institute, in partnership with Chispa, Mothers Out Front and VEIC and other organizations throughout the U.S. ($37.5M)

Accelerating Progress on Clean Energy in the U.S.

Across the U.S., states are scaling up clean energy policy development in the power, vehicle and building sectors. Whether states are aiming for 100% or 50% clean, or are just beginning to expand their commitments, success is possible through the work of state-specific, diverse coalitions focused on unique strategies. This project will support equity, labor, environmental, business and other coalitions as well as research to drive progress toward clean energy in priority states, and ultimately build momentum for federal action. 
Partner: Energy Foundation ($30M) 

A Clean, Reliable, Equitable Electric Grid

In the Midwest alone, removing current barriers could accelerate integration of over 140 gigawatts of untapped wind,  solar, and energy storage, waiting to come online. In partnership with local grassroots allies and experts, UCS will push for reform of outdated rules and promote upgrades to the electric grid that unleash the power of renewable energy across the U.S.  
Partner: Union of Concerned Scientists ($7.5M)

Powering America’s Homes and Businesses Without Fossil Fuels

To achieve net zero emissions by 2050, our homes need to be powered without any fossil fuels. RMI and its coalition of partners will research, organize, and advocate for state and city policy and regulations in support of all-electric new construction as well as an equitable and rapid transition away from fossil fuels in existing buildings. This project aims to put the U.S. on a trajectory towards 100% electric and efficient buildings powered by a clean power system and built with low-carbon building materials.
Partner: RMI ($8M)

Catalyzing Coalitions to Create Societal Will for Climate Action

Awareness, education, and attention are critical components to widespread adoption and collective demand for climate solutions. This project looks to organize and establish an independent entity that will support climate action via strategic coalitions, state-of-the-art digital communications, and unlikely change-making partners. The new entity would focus on priority policy opportunities to decrease climate pollution. 
Partner: Environmental Defense Fund ($6.5M)
September 2021

Highlighting the Benefits of Climate Action in the U.S.

With smart new policies and programs, the U.S. can advance transformational progress on climate, clean energy, and environmental justice. Building on President Biden’s strong push to address climate change and create jobs with a whole-of-government approach, this project works across the country to lift up thousands of local voices outside the beltway, and help maximize progress on climate, justice and jobs.
Partners: Climate Power ($15M) and the League of Conservation Voters Education Fund ($5M)
Decarbonizing the Economy with Advanced Technologies – September 2021

Bringing Advanced Technologies to Market

The International Energy Agency estimates that more than half of the global emission reductions required to tackle climate change will come from new technologies that aren’t yet commercially available. Breakthrough Energy is committed to scaling technologies needed to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 by accelerating the cycle of technology innovation and reducing technology costs. This project will support Breakthrough Energy to advocate for policies that advance clean technologies and to accelerate the commercialization pathway for promising innovators.
Partners: Breakthrough Energy Foundation ($40M) and Breakthrough Energy Action ($40M)

The Earthshot Prize

Launched by Prince William and The Royal Foundation in 2020, The Earthshot Prize is designed to discover, spotlight and scale solutions to the world’s greatest environmental challenges. The Prize focuses on five ‘Earthshots’ including: Protect and Restore Nature, Clean Our Air, Revive Our Oceans, Build a Waste-Free World, and Fix Our Climate. Through showcasing the real solutions happening around the world, the Prize aims to inspire optimism, incentivize change, and drive collective action in our ability to repair the planet.
Partners: American Friends of The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge ($4.2M)
Preparatory and Design Grants for Future Investment – September 2021

Addressing Methane from Agriculture

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas and agriculture contributes 40-50% of methane emissions globally. Yet few governments have undertaken significant efforts to reduce agricultural methane emissions. This project will deliver an expert review of the landscape of technological innovation related to methane emissions reduction in agriculture including an overview of mitigation potential, uncertainty, barriers, and potential ancillary benefits for specific solutions. 
Partners: Princeton School of Public and International Affairs ($.07M)

Economics, Finance, and Markets

From Trade-offs to Synergy. 
Most economic and financial models dramatically underestimate the dynamic positive effects of ambitious climate action  through induced new technology, increased economic efficiency, shifts in expectations about the future, first mover advantages, and entrepreneurial thinking. Our interlocking crises also require better analytics that take into consideration the costs of natural resource depletion and degradation, help to integrate other externalities that impact well-being and prosperity, and highlight potential trade-offs to inform work on ensuring just transitions. There is a massive opportunity for a better way forward, and the Bezos Earth Fund will invest in innovative and catalytic projects that seek to chart a new course. 
November 2020

The Seaweed Solution

Seaweed sequesters carbon during growth, utilizes zero freshwater, could help shift diets, and disrupts land-intensive food production. Seaweed farming has the potential to revolutionize how we think of food security, ocean health, and climate mitigation. Through this initiative, we will drive increased public acceptance of seaweed as a climate solution and increases in demand for animal feed, proteins, and biodegradable packaging, resulting in significant greenhouse gas reductions. This work sets the stage for large scale seaweed farming that could deliver transformational climate benefits.  
Partners: 24+ partners in more than 7 countries, including Alaska Fisheries Development Foundation, Oceanium Ltd, Global Seaweed Coalition, Ocean Rainforest, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, WWF ($10.65M)

Transforming Indian Farming 

Every year in Punjab and Haryana, two small Indian states just north of Delhi, 12 million tons of crop residue are burned by rice and wheat farmers, accounting for nearly half of Delhi’s air pollution. Promoting Regenerative and No-Burn Agriculture (PRANA) will transition 250,000 farmers – especially small and marginalized farmers – to regenerative practices using practical and effective methods and technologies. This will mitigate CO2 emissions, save water, and improve the quality-of-life through the establishment of non-burn practices.
Partners: The Nature Conservancy, the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) Farm Science Centers, the Punjab Agricultural Management & Extension Training Institute, and others ($33.33M)
September 2021

Supercharging Industrial Decarbonization through the Mission Possible Partnership

The Mission Possible Partnership aims to trigger transformational change in the world's most carbon intensive industries, including steel, aluminum, concrete, chemicals, aviation, shipping, and trucking. This project will support the Partnership to expand its core team, build new partnerships, commission new analyses, and expand its work with industry stakeholders to build sector transition strategies to net-zero value chains. These sector strategies act as a compass to inform business decisions, investments, and policy to accelerate change in these crucial industries.
Partners: RMI, the Energy Transitions Commission, We Mean Business, and the World Economic Forum ($9M)

Harnessing the Power of Investors, Banks, and Insurers to Accelerate Climate Mitigation

This initiative aims to accelerate progress among US financial regulators as they address climate as a systemic risk. The work includes providing technical inputs to the design of mandatory disclosure of financial risks, climate-related stress testing, and implementation of the Biden Administration's Executive Order on climate risk as well as building the necessary support from external stakeholders to ensure these regulatory changes get adopted. Ceres will mobilize commitments of banks and investors to net zero portfolios and support the establishment of science-based 2030 goals.
Partner: Ceres, The Investor Network on Climate Risk and Sustainability ($3M)

Monitoring and Accountability

Tracking our progress and building accountability.
Without the best data and information it is impossible to make effective decisions, target drivers of change, hold decision makers accountable, and understand to what extent we are successful. The Earth Fund will invest in projects and coalitions that use technology to collect, organize and communicate data on key challenges and solutions. We will focus on data efforts that shape decisions and drive action, whether in governments, corporations, local communities or in society as a whole. This work will take into account implicit bias and center around a just narrative.
November 2020

Land & Carbon Lab

Monitoring the carbon pulse of the earth is critical to ensuring we meet our climate goals and safeguard nature. Using satellite and drone technology, coupled with AI-informed algorithms, Land & Carbon Lab will provide real-time information on land use changes and embedded carbon flux at a very fine scale for the entire world. Harnessing the data revolution, it will power solutions for sustainable landscapes, enabling entrepreneurs, local communities, companies, governments – anyone who wants or needs – to participate in new, nature-based economies.
Partner: World Resources Institute, Google, University of Maryland ($62.5M)

Cutting Methane Pollution from the Oil and Gas Industry

Using satellite technology and a data platform, this project will implement a system that will identify methane pollution, hold those responsible accountable and highlight opportunities to manage and minimize oil and gas methane emissions. Actionable data will be produced and used to implement advocacy campaigns to spur regulations and secure commitments to reduce methane pollution globally. The project could potentially cut methane emissions by 45% by 2025 – delivering the same 20-year benefit as closing a third of the world’s coal plants.
Partners: Environmental Defense Fund, government of New Zealand, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and Harvard ($68.5M)
December 2021

Tracking progress towards transformations required in the energy sector

The Climate Action Tracker will identify the indicators and datasets that are most appropriate for tracking progress towards transformations related to energy, buildings, industry, and transport, as well as the establishment of new science-based benchmarks for these sectors. These data will be showcased on a data visualization platform, the Systems Change Lab, which will track progress towards our required transformations, helping to inform the Earth Fund’s strategy. CAT will also contribute to knowledge products and narratives related to the state of climate action.
Partners: Climate Action Tracker, NewClimate Institute and Climate Analytics ($1.2M)

Tracking progress towards transformations required to conserve biodiversity

UNEP-WCMC is a leading organization designing indicators for tracking progress on protecting biodiversity. This research will identify the indicators and datasets that are most appropriate for tracking progress towards transformations required to conserve biodiversity. These data will be showcased on a data visualization platform, the Systems Change Lab, which will track progress towards our required transformations, helping to inform the Earth Fund’s strategy. UNEP-WCMC will also develop knowledge products and narratives related to the state of action on protecting biodiversity.
Partners: UN Environment Program World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) ($320K)