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Nature Solutions

Preserving what remains. Restoring what we’ve lost.
Initiatives that protect, restore, and sustainably manage ecosystems have a crucial role to play in protecting biodiversity, mitigating and adapting to climate change, and sustaining and improving lives. The human footprint has grown in the past century; today less than 30% of the planet remains wild and a million species could face extinction. Nature solutions could provide about one-third of the mitigation needed by 2030 to meet the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement, while also improving the resilience of ecosystems to climate and strengthening communities and livelihoods that depend on forests, fisheries, and other ecosystems. The Earth Fund will advance nature solutions in critical ecosystems to safeguard the health of our planet and the wellbeing of people around the world.

Safeguarding Nature to Stabilize Climate 

Halting deforestation and increasing sustainable land use could deliver up to 30% of climate mitigation needed by 2050. We will protect 53 million hectares of critical ecosystems in the Amazon, Africa, and Central America and build momentum by 2030. We will work with communities to help them prepare for climate change impacts in these areas. These efforts will safeguard 11.3 billion metric tons of CO2, reduce climate change vulnerability for 14.2 million people, and leverage over $750M in additional funds.
Partners: National and local partners in each geography, including: PROFONANPE (Peru), Patrimonio Natural (Colombia), TNC (Colombia), Global Environment Facility, WWF ($60.55M)

Mangroves for Community and Climate

Mangroves — nature’s thin green line between land and sea—store three to four times more carbon per hectare than tropical forests, and they protect coastal communities from storm surges. WWF will increase conservation and restoration of one million hectares of mangroves through a combination of strengthening the protection and management of standing mangroves and restoring lost and degraded areas in Colombia, Fiji, Madagascar, and Mexico. We will work with local communities to help build their resilience to the impacts of climate change, improving livelihoods. 
Partners: A number of national (e.g., Fijian Ministry of Waterways and Environment), regional (e.g., Codechocó), and local partners in each geography, WWF ($28.8M)

Land & Carbon Lab

Monitoring the carbon pulse of the earth is critical to ensuring we meet our climate goals and safeguard nature. Using satellite and drone technology, coupled with AI-informed algorithms, Land & Carbon Lab will provide real-time information on land use changes and embedded carbon flux at a very fine scale for the entire world. Harnessing the data revolution, it will power solutions for sustainable landscapes, enabling entrepreneurs, local communities, companies, governments — anyone who wants or needs — to participate in new, nature-based economies. 
Partner: World Resources Institute, Google, University of Maryland ($62.5M)

Harnessing the Power of Plant Root Systems 

Every year, plants capture hundreds of billions of tons of CO2 through photosynthesis and then funnel large amounts of carbon into the soil. This project leverages work in genetics, genomics and biochemistry to enhance this carbon-storing ability of plant roots so that they can capture excess atmospheric carbon. By focusing on prevalent crop plants—which can be readily scaled up within the existing agriculture infrastructure — this project aims to mitigate the effects of climate change, develop more resilient plants and improve soil health. 
Partners: the Salk Institute for Biological Studies ($30M)

Advocacy and Education for Natural Climate Solutions

Ecosystems which store carbon, including forests, soils, riparian areas, and wetlands, are critical for biodiversity protection and climate change resilience. This project takes a two-pronged approach to developing and implementing policies that enable the scaling of these natural climate solutions. First, protect and expand carbon sinks through enhanced advocacy, litigation, and persuasive actions in the U.S., Canada, the U.K. and E.U. The project will also educate policymakers on the benefits of reforming policies, incentives, and crop insurance programs across the agriculture industry. 
Partner: Natural Resources Defense Council ($18.75M)

Consensus on Carbon Credits 

Carbon credit markets can be an effective approach to mitigating carbon use, incentivizing alternative energy adoption, and storing carbon emissions. However, they face obstacles including confusion about the potential for carbon storage and tepid confidence regarding the integrity of carbon credits. This project will develop a definition and requirements and consensus among leading NGOs for high-integrity carbon credits supporting tropical forest protection. It will then pursue research on emerging nature-based solutions including temperate forests, soils and oceans to build a pipeline of high-integrity credit opportunities. 
Partners: Environmental Defense Fund, Emergent, Meridian and Woodwell Climate Research Center ($25M)

The Seaweed Solution

Seaweed sequesters carbon during growth, utilizes zero freshwater, could help shift diets, and disrupts land-intensive food production. Seaweed farming has the potential to revolutionize how we think of food security, ocean health, and climate mitigation. Through this initiative, we will drive increased public acceptance of seaweed as a climate solution and increases in demand for animal feed, proteins, and biodegradable packaging, resulting in significant greenhouse gas reductions. This work sets the stage for large scale seaweed farming that could deliver transformational climate benefits.
Partners: 24+ partners in more than 7 countries, including Alaska Fisheries Development Foundation, Oceanium Ltd, Global Seaweed Coalition, Ocean Rainforest, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, WWF ($10.65M)

The Emerald Edge: Protecting Living Carbon Resources

The Emerald Edge is one of the most productive carbon sinks on Earth, spanning 100 million acres of forest along the Pacific Coast of Washington, British Columbia, and Alaska. Benefitting from long-established relationships with Indigenous First Nations, Alaska Natives and coastal tribes, in partnership with TNC, are leading sustainable economic and community development. Through the work of Indigenous partners in the area and leveraging local government support, the project will help to sequester 3.5 million metric tons of CO2 through permanent protection of over 100,000 hectares of old growth forest. This project will help galvanize a $3 billion commitment from the Canadian Government for Natural Climate Solutions.
Partners: The Nature Conservancy, Nature United, the Hesquiaht, Ahousaht, and Tla-o-qui-aht First Nations, Sealaska Native Corporation, the Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska, and other community partners ($33.33M)

Transforming Indian Farming 

Every year in Punjab and Haryana, two small Indian states just north of Delhi, 12 million tons of crop residue are burned by rice and wheat farmers, accounting for nearly half of Delhi’s air pollution. Promoting Regenerative and No-Burn Agriculture (PRANA) will transition 250,000 farmers — especially small and marginalized farmers — to regenerative practices using practical and effective methods and technologies. This will mitigate CO2 emissions, save water, and improve the quality-of-life through the establishment of non-burn practices.
Partners: The Nature Conservancy, the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) Farm Science Centers, the Punjab Agricultural Management & Extension Training Institute, and others ($33.33M)

Delivering a Natural Climate Solutions Roadmap 

Strategic protection, restoration, and improved land management activities could help achieve up to one third of the global greenhouse gas emissions reductions needed to stabilize the climate. To achieve the full potential of Natural Climate Solutions, we need tools grounded in science and data to inform decision-making. The NCS Activation Toolkit uses state-of-the art mapping, data collection, field-testing, and impact evaluation tools to accelerate the implementation of NCS across the globe and keep 1 billion metric tons of CO2 out of the atmosphere by 2030.
Partner: The Nature Conservancy, Clark University, Conservation International, and several local agencies and organizations ($33.33M)

Accelerating restoration in Kenya, Madagascar, and Mozambique

Eden Reforestation Projects partners with local leaders to produce, plant, and protect native tree species in geographies around the world that have been affected by deforestation. Funding will support programs that plan to plant at least 35 million trees and expand the capacity of tree production systems in Kenya, Madagascar, and Mozambique.
Partner: Eden Reforestation Projects ($5M)
Preparatory and Design Grants for Future Investment in Nature Solutions
In addition to the major grants described above, the following smaller grants have been made in preparation of potential future programs. 

Defining the Goals Under the 30x30 Commitments

This year countries are making “30x30” commitments to protect and conserve 30% of the planet by 2030. WCS, IUCN and a broad coalition of stakeholders are working to bring together definitions of area-based conservation measures as appropriate mechanisms for implementation. Building consensus for an equitable and practical approach, the typology will integrate elements that target both socially just and ecological effective conservation outcomes.
Partners: Wildlife Conservation Society and International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s World Commission on Protected Areas ($0.45M)

Building Support for the 30x30 Target

This project is mobilizing support for the global target of protecting 30% of land and ocean by 2030. The aim is to expand the “High Ambition Coalition for Nature and People” by increasing the number of countries that are committed to the 30x30 goal to more than 100, secure a global agreement on 30x30 at the COP15 of the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2022, and help build capacity within countries for implementation towards 2030.
Partners: National Geographic Society and the Campaign for Nature ($1.5M)

Ensuring a Sound Monitoring System for 30x30

Beyond formal protected areas, other areas are managed in ways that conserve biodiversity, ecosystem services, local culture, and other public goods. This project will set the stage for more thorough accounting of progress towards 30x30 by working with local partners to catalyze official recognition and mapping of these essential “Other Effective Conservation Measures” (OECMs) in key regions. The project will also convene partners around a shared road map towards understanding effectiveness of protected and conserved areas as a basis for conservation action and resource prioritization.
Partners: UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), United Nations Foundation

Preparing for Scale-Up of African Landscape Restoration

This project will lay groundwork for a major scale-up in African landscape restoration. Africa provides an extraordinary opportunity for restoration, and there are promising efforts underway including AFR100, an initiative of more than 30 African countries to restore 100 million hectares of degraded land back to productivity. This grant will support seven partner organizations to design and mobilize financial mechanisms, ensure pipeline development of projects, engage development finance institutions and farmer networks, and identify intermediaries that can support scaling.
Partners: World Resources Institute, Dalberg Consulting, and other partners ($580,000)

Environmental Justice

Building resilience. Empowering communities.
The positive links between meeting climate, nature and justice objectives are undeniable. Those least responsible for climate change, including low-income communities and communities of color disproportionately bear its negative effects. Frontline communities are also powerful agents of change in driving solutions, but traditionally very few resources have been allocated to them. We will not achieve the transformations required without also addressing systemic issues that cause harm to the most vulnerable in society. In addition to centering justice in all of our programs, the Earth Fund seeks to support projects, communities, coalitions, and initiatives that explicitly address these inequalities.
Supporting the U.S. Justice40 Initiative 
Justice40 is the Biden administration’s historic commitment to deliver 40% of the overall benefits of U.S. federal investments in clean energy, clean transit, affordable housing, and other areas to underserved communities. A great deal of work lies ahead to identify underserved communities, help resources reach them, and ensure Justice40 succeeds in advancing environmental justice and creating new economic opportunities in these communities. This project supports leading organizations to connect Justice40 design and implementation at the federal level with organization and efforts at the state and local level.

The Earth Fund has committed $150M for 2021 to support the Justice40 Initiative. Groups and projects funded so far include:

WE ACT for Environmental Justice

This project will educate stakeholders and elected officials about the investment opportunities of Justice40 for environmental justice communities. WE ACT will also pilot robust implementation and monitoring of Justice40 in 5-6 jurisdictions and support the Biden administration in delivering the initiative.
$6M

Justice40 Accelerator

This project supports the Justice40 Accelerator, which positions frontline organizations to become more competitive in attracting Federal funding to support the aims of Justice40. Project funding will be used to resource frontline organizations, influence how funding is distributed, and educate and engage federal, state, and local decision-makers. The Justice40 Accelerator is a partnership among: Elevate, Groundswell, The Hummingbird Firm, Partnership for Southern Equity, and The Solutions Project
$6M

Deep South Center for Environmental Justice

This project supports Activating Justice40, a new initiative that will support community-based organizations and environmental justice groups to engage in local implementation of the Justice40 initiative. Funds will support up to 20 community-based organizations and provide high quality research, policy, and media deliverables to realize community benefits from federal investments.
$4M

Bullard Center for Environmental and Climate Justice at Texas Southern University

This project supports the Bullard Center's Justice40 Technical Support Project, which uses a cross-disciplinary approach to assist, expand and strengthen local justice and equity organizations, partnerships and networks in disadvantaged communities to develop roadmaps and model platforms for accessing and directing Justice40 funding and investments through numerous initiatives, in close partnership with the Deep South Center for Environmental Justice, Historically Black Colleges and Universities-Community Base Organization Equity Consortium and the National Black Environmental Justice Network.
$4M
Expanding Support for Environmental Justice Efforts in the U.S.

Investing in Women of Color & Others at the Frontlines

Addressing climate crises at the scale and speed necessary to avert the worst outcomes will require changing the systems of power governing who pollutes, who profits, and whose lives are valued. The Hive Fund’s participatory grant-making will fund those most impacted by disparity and pollution – especially in the US South, where emissions are high and philanthropic investment is low. Hive Fund grantee partners address the intersecting climate, gender and racial justice crises by strengthening multiracial democracy, changing policies, and transitioning to a just and fossil-free world.
Partner: Hive Fund ($43M)

The Solutions Project: Funding and Amplifying Climate Justice

The Solutions Project partners with grassroots climate justice organizations to scale interconnected solutions to the climate crisis in three ways: 1) we nurture an ecosystem of over 100 community organizations innovating practical models, all across the country, for the future we want to create; 2) we provide millions of grant dollars to local partners who are organizing and building power in their communities; and 3) we offer media training and capacity for partners to share successes and influence policy, economic and social change.
Partner: The Solutions Project ($43M)

Climate and Clean Energy Equity Fund

The Climate and Clean Energy Equity Fund is building a powerful movement to create a more equitable clean energy future. This project will grow their strategic grant-making program, supporting engagement in policy, organizing, and non-partisan civic engagement which advance climate and clean energy equity. A component of this includes increased capacity support for grantees through direct coaching, technical assistance, research and policy analysis, and the new tools and models that integrate equity into climate and energy policy frameworks.
Partner: Climate and Clean Energy Equity Fund ($43M)

NDN Collective

The NDN Collective, an Indigenous led holistic empowerment organization that includes a grant-making arm that will use resources from the Earth Fund’s grant to invest directly into community equity and solutions that follow their “defend, develop, and decolonize” approach: defending Indigenous lands and Indigenous rights, developing innovative and sustainable solutions for the future, and decolonizing the way indigenous people move through the world while uprooting white supremacy and colonial institutions that harm human beings and all life.
Partner: NDN Collective ($12M)

Dream Corps Green for All

The federal government is poised to spend trillions of dollars to rebuild the American economy, and it is critical that those investments create a greener future for all. One way to do this is by shaping policy programs to prioritize impacted communities, and strengthening work and wealth creation for Black and Brown entrepreneurs. Using a Common Ground approach, Green For All bridges political divides and brings unlikely allies together to form powerful coalitions for equitable climate solutions, green jobs, and BIPOC entrepreneurship.
Partner: Dream Corps Green for All ($10M)
Preparatory and Design Grants for Future Investment in Environmental Justice

Kapor Center

This project will support design and planning for a new data collaborative to support the Justice40 initiative. The data collaborative would address data gaps, support the work of frontline organizations, and help track the benefits of Justice40 investments in communities. The planning process will convene key stakeholders, including environmental justice groups, community organizations, civic data groups, federal and local government, technology companies, and academia.
$0.4M

Decarbonizing the Economy

Poised for path disruption.
We are far from an emissions trajectory that avoids even the worst effects of climate change. The scale of transformation required is unprecedented — from the ways in which we power our economy, build our cities, transport our goods, manage our land, grow our food, and create and consume goods. Change will require advancements across many arenas, including policymaking, finance, behavior, and novel leadership and partnerships, to name a few. Some trends already show incredible promise; these must be nurtured and expanded at scale and in speed. And with the right support, such transformations could take off in a way previously unimaginable — providing tremendous opportunities, including new job opportunities and the creation of whole new industries. The Earth Fund will accelerate coalitions and projects that have the potential to spur systems transformation and accelerate decarbonization across key emitting sectors and geographies. We will also ensure that transitions are just and equitable.
Decarbonizing Industry and Transport

Supercharging Industrial Decarbonization through the Mission Possible Partnership

The Mission Possible Partnership aims to trigger transformational change in the world's most carbon intensive industries, including steel, aluminum, concrete, chemicals, aviation, shipping, and trucking. This project will support the Partnership to expand its core team, build new partnerships, commission new analyses, and expand its work with industry stakeholders to build sector transition strategies to net-zero value chains. These sector strategies act as a compass to inform business decisions, investments, and policy to accelerate change in these crucial industries.
Partners: RMI, the Energy Transitions Commission, We Mean Business, and the World Economic Forum ($9M)

Creating Markets for Climate-Safe Cement and Steel

Cement and steel generate about 6 gigatons of CO2 per year. Approximately 50% of cement and 20% of steel is purchased with tax dollars for public buildings and other public projects. This project will seek to showcase the value of “buying clean”, which will expand the market for green steel and cement and spur related business innovation. In the U.S. alone, this initiative could affect $100 billion in construction and 100 million tons of CO2 every year.
Partners: ClimateWorks Foundation, BlueGreen Alliance, Center for Carbon Removal, Great Plains Institute for Sustainable Development ($12.5M)

Launching Zero-Emission Ships

Several governments and corporations have set long-term goals to decarbonize shipping, but currently there aren’t enough renewably powered ships to prove that these goals can be reached. This project aims to make zero emissions ships commercially competitive by 2030 and to fully decarbonize the sector by 2050 by working with a broad of coalition of advocates, analysts, communicators, and activists to accelerate the development of renewable fuels and advance policies and frameworks that can make zero emission ships and ports a reality.
Partners: ClimateWorks Foundation, Pacific Environment, Aspen Institute, Global Maritime Forum ($12.5M)

Catalyzing Zero-Emission Trucks

Commercial trucks represent approximately one third of climate pollution from global transport and account for a disproportionate share of the air pollution that damages human health. Using California’s recent clean transportation policies as a blueprint, this project will leverage, replicate, and scale advances in battery technologies to catalyze the transition to zero-emission commercial trucks. By 2030, the project aims to increase new sales of zero-emission truck to 25% in key markets, growing to 100% by 2040.
Partners: ClimateWorks Foundation, ICCT, Calstart, Sierra Club ($25M)

Cleaner Trucks for Healthier Communities 

Truck pollution disproportionality impacts communities of color and has an outsized role in carbon emissions. In partnership with grassroots allies and national partners, UCS will bring foundational technical, policy and campaign capacity to clean truck campaigns across the country to support the rapid deployment of zero-emission trucks by working towards stronger manufacturer standards, fleet purchase requirements, and expanded electric truck infrastructure.  
Partner: Union of Concerned Scientists ($7.5M)

Cutting Methane Pollution from the Oil and Gas Industry

Using satellite technology and a data platform, this project will implement a system that will identify methane pollution, hold those responsible accountable and highlight opportunities to manage and minimize oil and gas methane emissions. Actionable data will be produced and used to implement advocacy campaigns to spur regulations and secure commitments to reduce methane pollution globally. The project could potentially cut methane emissions by 45% by 2025 — delivering the same 20-year benefit as closing a third of the world’s coal plants.
Partners: Environmental Defense Fund, government of New Zealand, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and Harvard ($68.5M)

Supporting Science Based Targets for Businesses

The science is clear — the global economy must halve emissions by 2030 and reach net-zero emissions before 2050 to stand a fighting chance of avoiding catastrophic climate change. The Science Based Targets initiative (SBTi) has become the most credible de facto standard for corporate climate targets aligned with the latest science. This grant will support the SBTi to strengthen its organization and target-setting framework for corporations and financial institutions. It will also provide the strong foundation needed to accelerate the scale and pace of corporate science-based targets across all sectors and geographies.
Partners: CDP, the UN Global Compact, World Resources Institute, and WWF ($18M)
Advancing Climate Solutions in the U.S.

Building Public Demand for Cleaner Industry

This project will work in key U.S. cities, states, and at the federal level to build advocacy, campaign, and lobbying efforts for climate actions that reduce pollution and promote clean buildings and clean transportation and ensure equitable benefits for vulnerable communities. Over several years, the project will support the adoption of pollution limits and clean energy standards, implement clean building requirements and incentives, and scale electric vehicle and other clean transportation implementation and infrastructure. 
Partner: Natural Resources Defense Council ($50M)

Phasing Down Oil & Gas Production in the United States 

This project takes a three-pronged approach to limit fossil fuel expansion by: 1) preventing new onshore and offshore oil and gas development outside the Gulf of Mexico; 2) defending and expanding Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) methane emission limits on oil and gas operations; and 3) challenging and limiting the expansion of natural gas processing, pipelines, and export facilities. These actions will help advance the requirement of a climate test for fossil fuel activities and infrastructure in U.S. states and eventually influence federal oil and gas policy.
Partner: Natural Resources Defense Council ($31.25M)

Equitably Electrifying Every School Bus in the U.S.

Over the next five years, WRI will partner with school districts, communities, environmental justice organizations, utilities, manufacturers, and policymakers to build unstoppable momentum toward electrifying the U.S. fleet of 480,000 school buses by 2030. The initiative will advance an equity-centered approach to accelerating electric bus procurement and scaling manufacturing, charging infrastructure, funding, and financing. School bus electrification represents a unique opportunity to advance decarbonization, create jobs, and improve air quality and health, particularly in communities of color and for other people who are disproportionately impacted by air pollution.  
Partner: World Resources Institute, Chispa, Mothers Out Front and VEIC ($37.5M)

Accelerating Progress on Clean Energy in the U.S.

Across the U.S., states are scaling up clean energy policy development in the power, vehicle and building sectors. Whether states are aiming for 100% or 50% clean, or are just beginning to expand their commitments, success is possible through the work of state-specific, diverse coalitions focused on unique strategies. This project will support equity, labor, environmental, business and other coalitions as well as research to drive progress toward clean energy in priority states, and ultimately build momentum for federal action. 
Partner: Energy Foundation ($30M) 

A Clean, Reliable, Equitable Electric Grid

In the Midwest alone, removing current barriers could accelerate integration of over 140 gigawatts of untapped wind,  solar, and energy storage, waiting to come online. In partnership with local grassroots allies and experts, UCS will push for reform of outdated rules and promote upgrades to the electric grid that unleash the power of renewable energy across the U.S.  
Partner: Union of Concerned Scientists ($7.5M)

Powering America’s Homes and Businesses Without Fossil Fuels

To achieve net zero emissions by 2050, our homes need to be powered without any fossil fuels. RMI and its coalition of partners will research, organize, and advocate for state and city policy and regulations in support of all-electric new construction as well as an equitable and rapid transition away from fossil fuels in existing buildings. This project aims to put the U.S. on a trajectory towards 100% electric and efficient buildings powered by a clean power system and built with low-carbon building materials.
Partner: RMI ($8M)

Highlighting the Benefits of Climate Action in the U.S.

With smart new policies and programs, the U.S. can advance transformational progress on climate, clean energy, and environmental justice. Building on President Biden’s strong push to address climate change and create jobs with a whole-of-government approach, this project works across the country to lift up thousands of local voices outside the beltway, and help maximize progress on climate, justice and jobs.
Partners: Climate Power ($15M) and the League of Conservation Voters Education Fund ($5M)

Catalyzing Coalitions to Create Societal Will for Climate Action

Awareness, education, and attention are critical components to widespread adoption and collective demand for climate solutions. This project looks to organize and establish an independent entity that will support climate action via strategic coalitions, state-of-the-art digital communications, and unlikely change-making partners. The new entity would focus on priority policy opportunities to decrease climate pollution. 
Partner: Environmental Defense Fund ($6.5M)
Decarbonizing the Economy with Advanced Technologies

Bringing Advanced Technologies to Market

The International Energy Agency estimates that more than half of the global emission reductions required to tackle climate change will come from new technologies that aren’t yet commercially available. Breakthrough Energy is committed to scaling technologies needed to reach net-zero emissions by 2050 by accelerating the cycle of technology innovation and reducing technology costs. This project will support Breakthrough Energy to advocate for policies that advance clean technologies and to accelerate the commercialization pathway for promising innovators.
Partners: Breakthrough Energy Foundation ($40M) and Breakthrough Energy Action ($40M)

The Earthshot Prize

Launched by Prince William and The Royal Foundation in 2020, The Earthshot Prize is designed to discover, spotlight and scale solutions to the world’s greatest environmental challenges. The Prize focuses on five ‘Earthshots’ including: Protect and Restore Nature, Clean Our Air, Revive Our Oceans, Build a Waste-Free World, and Fix Our Climate. Through showcasing the real solutions happening around the world, the Prize aims to inspire optimism, incentivize change, and drive collective action in our ability to repair the planet.
Partners: American Friends of The Royal Foundation of The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge ($4.2M)
Preparatory and Design Grants for Future Investment in Decarbonizing the Economy

Addressing Methane from Agriculture

Methane is a potent greenhouse gas and agriculture contributes 40-50% of methane emissions globally. Yet few governments have undertaken significant efforts to reduce agricultural methane emissions. This project will deliver an expert review of the landscape of technological innovation related to methane emissions reduction in agriculture including an overview of mitigation potential, uncertainty, barriers, and potential ancillary benefits for specific solutions. 
Partners: Princeton School of Public and International Affairs ($.07M)

Economics, Finance, and Markets

From Trade-offs to Synergy. 
Most economic and financial models dramatically underestimate the dynamic positive effects of ambitious climate action  through induced new technology, increased economic efficiency, shifts in expectations about the future, first mover advantages, and entrepreneurial thinking. Our interlocking crises also require better analytics that take into consideration the costs of natural resource depletion and degradation, help to integrate other externalities that impact well-being and prosperity, and highlight potential trade-offs to inform work on ensuring just transitions. There is a massive opportunity for a better way forward, and the Bezos Earth Fund will invest in innovative and catalytic projects that seek to chart a new course. 

Harnessing the Power of Investors, Banks, and Insurers to Accelerate Climate Mitigation

This initiative aims to accelerate progress among US financial regulators as they address climate as a systemic risk. The work includes providing technical inputs to the design of mandatory disclosure of financial risks, climate-related stress testing, and implementation of the Biden Administration's Executive Order on climate risk as well as building the necessary support from external stakeholders to ensure these regulatory changes get adopted. Ceres will mobilize commitments of banks and investors to net zero portfolios and support the establishment of science-based 2030 goals.
Partner: Ceres, The Investor Network on Climate Risk and Sustainability ($3M)

The Seaweed Solution

Seaweed sequesters carbon during growth, utilizes zero freshwater, could help shift diets, and disrupts land-intensive food production. Seaweed farming has the potential to revolutionize how we think of food security, ocean health, and climate mitigation. Through this initiative, we will drive increased public acceptance of seaweed as a climate solution and increases in demand for animal feed, proteins, and biodegradable packaging, resulting in significant greenhouse gas reductions. This work sets the stage for large scale seaweed farming that could deliver transformational climate benefits.  
Partners: 24+ partners in more than 7 countries, including Alaska Fisheries Development Foundation, Oceanium Ltd, Global Seaweed Coalition, Ocean Rainforest, and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, WWF ($10.65M)

Transforming Indian Farming 

Every year in Punjab and Haryana, two small Indian states just north of Delhi, 12 million tons of crop residue are burned by rice and wheat farmers, accounting for nearly half of Delhi’s air pollution. Promoting Regenerative and No-Burn Agriculture (PRANA) will transition 250,000 farmers – especially small and marginalized farmers – to regenerative practices using practical and effective methods and technologies. This will mitigate CO2 emissions, save water, and improve the quality-of-life through the establishment of non-burn practices.
Partners: The Nature Conservancy, the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) Farm Science Centers, the Punjab Agricultural Management & Extension Training Institute, and others ($33.33M)

Monitoring and Accountability

Tracking our progress and building accountability.
Without the best data and information it is impossible to make effective decisions, target drivers of change, hold decision makers accountable, and understand to what extent we are successful. The Earth Fund will invest in projects and coalitions that use technology to collect, organize and communicate data on key challenges and solutions. We will focus on data efforts that shape decisions and drive action, whether in governments, corporations, local communities or in society as a whole. This work will take into account implicit bias and center around a just narrative.

Land & Carbon Lab

Monitoring the carbon pulse of the earth is critical to ensuring we meet our climate goals and safeguard nature. Using satellite and drone technology, coupled with AI-informed algorithms, Land & Carbon Lab will provide real-time information on land use changes and embedded carbon flux at a very fine scale for the entire world. Harnessing the data revolution, it will power solutions for sustainable landscapes, enabling entrepreneurs, local communities, companies, governments – anyone who wants or needs – to participate in new, nature-based economies.
Partner: World Resources Institute, Google, University of Maryland ($62.5M)

Cutting Methane Pollution from the Oil and Gas Industry

Using satellite technology and a data platform, this project will implement a system that will identify methane pollution, hold those responsible accountable and highlight opportunities to manage and minimize oil and gas methane emissions. Actionable data will be produced and used to implement advocacy campaigns to spur regulations and secure commitments to reduce methane pollution globally. The project could potentially cut methane emissions by 45% by 2025 – delivering the same 20-year benefit as closing a third of the world’s coal plants.
Partners: Environmental Defense Fund, government of New Zealand, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and Harvard ($68.5M)